Oscar Wilde

BORN: October 16, 1854
DIED: November 30, 1900


About The Author: Oscar Wilde

Oscar Wilde, a luminary of eloquence and defiance, left an indelible imprint on the tapestry of literature, embodying the perfect fusion of intellectual brilliance and flamboyant charisma.

His works, laced with a sharp-edged satire and a profound understanding of human nature, continue to be revered as timeless treasures that challenge societal norms and ignite contemplation.

Wilde’s existence itself was a testament to breaking conventions and daring to be unapologetically different.

His works, laced with a sharp-edged satire and a profound understanding of human nature, continue to be revered as timeless treasures that challenge societal norms and ignite contemplation.

Oscar Wilde: Notable Works

The literary legacy of Oscar Wilde is studded with gems that emit a brilliance that defies time. “The Picture of Dorian Gray,” an exploration of vanity, moral duplicity, and the essence of beauty, remains a haunting masterpiece that forces readers to confront the duality of human nature.

“The Importance of Being Earnest,” a farcical play replete with mistaken identities and witty repartees, stands as an exemplar of Wilde’s unparalleled wit.

Certainly, here is a list of some of Oscar Wilde’s notable works along with brief summaries:

The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890)

A novel that explores the consequences of vanity and the pursuit of eternal youth. The protagonist, Dorian Gray, remains youthful while a portrait of him ages and reflects his moral corruption.

The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)

The Importance of Being Earnest” is a comedic play that satirizes Victorian society’s obsession with social appearances and superficiality. Mistaken identities, witty dialogue, and humorous situations abound.

Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892)

A play that examines themes of marriage, morality, and hypocrisy in upper-class society. Lady Windermere’s discovery of her husband’s secret leads to a series of revelations.

An Ideal Husband (1895)

Another play addressing themes of morality and societal expectations. It centers on political intrigue and blackmail, delving into the choices people make when faced with their pasts.

Salomé (1893)

A one-act play originally written in French, depicting the biblical story of Salome’s demand for the head of John the Baptist. Known for its symbolism and sensuality.

De Profundis (1905)

A long letter Wilde wrote during his imprisonment, reflecting on his life, spirituality, and the suffering he endured. It’s a deeply personal and introspective work.

The Canterville Ghost (1887)

A novella blending humor and the supernatural. An American family moves into a haunted English mansion, and the ghost’s attempts to scare them lead to comedic situations.

A Woman of No Importance (1893)

A play addressing gender inequality and societal double standards. It revolves around a woman’s secret and its impact on her family and those around her.

The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891)

A political essay advocating for individualism and criticizing capitalism’s impact on personal freedom and creativity.

The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898)

A poem reflecting on Wilde’s experiences in prison after his conviction. It discusses the brutal realities of life in jail and the idea of compassion.

These works showcase Wilde’s diverse range of writing, from witty comedies and satirical plays to philosophical essays and introspective pieces. They continue to be celebrated for their thought-provoking themes and masterful use of language.

Vera; or, The Nihilists (1880)

A play that Wilde wrote when he was just 24 years old. It deals with themes of political revolution and idealism, set in Russia during a time of unrest.

The Happy Prince and Other Tales (1888)

A collection of children’s stories that blend fantasy and morality. The title story, “The Happy Prince,” tells of a golden statue’s sacrifice for the needy.

The Duchess of Padua (1883)

A tragedy set in Renaissance Italy, exploring themes of love, power, and vengeance. The Duchess’s forbidden love leads to a tragic chain of events.

Intentions (1891)

A collection of essays that includes Wilde’s thoughts on art, criticism, and culture. It includes well-known essays like “The Critic as Artist” and “The Decay of Lying.”

La Sainte Courtisane (1903)

A play written in French that translates to “The Holy Woman” or “The Good Woman.” It explores themes of redemption, sacrifice, and faith.

Selected Poems (1881)

A collection of Wilde’s poetry, showcasing his lyrical and often thought-provoking verses on love, beauty, and human experiences.

Poems in Prose (1894)

A collection of poetic prose pieces that blur the line between poetry and short stories. They exhibit Wilde’s distinctive style and wit.

The Critic as Artist (1891)

An essay that delves into the role of criticism and art’s relationship to life. Wilde examines how the critic’s interpretation contributes to the artistic experience.

Oscar Wilde: Early Life

Born in Dublin, Ireland, Oscar Wilde displayed early signs of prodigious wit and creativity.

Educated at Trinity College and later the University of Oxford, he showcased a penchant for intellectual exploration and aestheticism.

Even in his youth, his distinctive fashion sense and eloquence set him apart as an iconoclast.

Oscar Wilde: Career

Oscar Wilde’s literary career was a meteoric rise to prominence, with his plays, essays, and poetry captivating Victorian society. He championed the aesthetic movement, advocating for art’s autonomy from societal constraints.

His works were a masterful amalgamation of romanticism, wit, and biting social commentary, painting a vivid picture of the Victorian era’s contradictions.

Oscar Wilde: Later life

The latter years of Wilde’s life were a tumultuous mix of personal tragedy and public scandal. His relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas led to his trial and subsequent imprisonment for “gross indecency.”

After his release, Wilde lived in France under a pseudonym, grappling with his physical and emotional scars.

Oscar Wilde: Reputation

Oscar Wilde’s reputation is one of paradoxical brilliance, with his eloquence both captivating and scandalizing society. His biting wit and poignant insights into human nature transcended the constraints of his time.

His quotes, often encapsulating profound truths beneath their surface, have become legendary.

His quotes, often encapsulating profound truths beneath their surface, have become legendary.

Oscar Wilde: Awards

While Wilde’s lifetime did not witness a multitude of awards, his posthumous recognition has been extensive, with his contributions to literature and art celebrated through adaptations, awards, and tributes that acknowledge his enduring impact.

Oscar Wilde: Works

Among the trove of Wilde’s literary treasures are “An Ideal Husband,” a play dissecting moral hypocrisy, “De Profundis,” a poignant letter reflecting on his spiritual journey during incarceration, and “The Canterville Ghost,” a whimsical novella showcasing his versatility beyond social satire.


Oscar Wilde’s life and works remain an unending source of fascination, inspiring scholars, artists, and individuals captivated by his audacious spirit and incisive commentary on the human condition.