The Importance of Being Earnest

AUTHOR: Oscar Wilde


The Importance of Being Earnest: Summary, Plot, Characters, Literary Analysis & More

“The Importance of Being Earnest,” a comedic play penned by Oscar Wilde in 1895, stands as a pinnacle of his literary prowess.

This satirical work dives into Victorian societal norms and human worth through the lives of Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff, who adopt the pseudonym “Ernest” for their mischievous endeavors.

Wilde’s portrayal of their escapades, the enchanting Gwendolen Fairfax and the delightful Cecily Cardew, masterfully intertwines with Lady Bracknell’s aristocratic rigidity.

As the plot unfolds, misidentifications and hilarious encounters ensue, underscoring themes of identity and marriage.

Through witty dialogue and absurd situations, Wilde dissected the trivialities of upper-class London society, leaving readers with a comical yet thought-provoking exploration of the societal facades people maintain.

The Importance of Being Earnest Summary

The story unfolds around the lives of Ernest Worthing, known as Jack, and Algernon Moncrieff. Both men create fictional identities to escape societal constraints.

Jack seeks Lady Bracknell’s approval to marry Gwendolen, while Algernon engages in witty deceptions.

Lady Bracknell, a symbol of social rigidity, scrutinizes Jack’s eligibility as Gwendolen’s suitor. As the plot evolves, hilarious misunderstandings arise, with Algernon even diverting Lady Bracknell’s attention.

The presence of Miss Prism, Cecily Cardew’s guardian, and her peculiar past adds intrigue.

Through a series of comedic twists, the play humorously explores themes of identity, marriage, and social conventions, leaving a trail of laughter and insightful commentary on Victorian society.

This satirical work dives into Victorian societal norms and human worth through the lives of Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff, who adopt the pseudonym "Ernest" for their mischievous endeavors.

The Plot

In “The Importance of Being Earnest,” the plot intricately weaves together characters and their amusing antics. Lady Bracknell, a symbol of aristocratic rigidity, refuses Jack’s proposal for Gwendolen, her daughter.

She reveals that Jack’s origins are unsuitable due to his lack of social status and unknown parentage. Jack’s longing for a respectable lineage leads him to invent a fictitious brother, Ernest John. Algernon explains his own fictitious friend, the invalid Bunbury, as an excuse to escape societal obligations.

The comedy unfolds with mistaken identities and misunderstandings, with characters addressing each other as “Dear Uncle Jack” or “Ernest.” Algernon proposes to Cecily, Jack’s ward, using the name Ernest, leading to further confusion and hilarity.


The following characters, with their quirks, interactions, and deceptions, collectively shape the witty and engaging tapestry of “The Importance of Being Earnest,” offering a satirical commentary on Victorian society and its idiosyncrasies.

Jack Worthing

Jack, also known as Ernest, is the play’s protagonist. He is a responsible and respectable man in the countryside, posing as Ernest in the city for adventurous pursuits. Jack’s struggles with identity, and societal expectations, and his inventive creation of a fictitious brother, Ernest John, add depth to his character.

Algernon Moncrieff

Algernon, a witty and charming character, lives in the city and shares Jack’s penchant for creating alter egos. Using the name Ernest, he diverts Lady Bracknell’s attention, and his comedic interactions with characters like Gwendolen and Cecily provide the play’s comic spark.

Lady Bracknell

Lady Bracknell is a domineering aristocrat and Gwendolen’s mother. She symbolizes societal rigidity and disapproves of Jack’s proposal due to his uncertain lineage. Her refusal and interview reveal her staunch adherence to social norms.

Gwendolen Fairfax

Gwendolen, Lady Bracknell’s daughter, is headstrong and infatuated with the name Ernest. Her romantic involvement with Jack and her desire for a husband named Ernest drive much of the plot’s humor and tension.

Cecily Cardew

Cecily is Jack’s young ward, living in the countryside. She falls in love with Algernon, believing him to be Ernest. Her naivety and romantic fantasies contribute to the play’s comedic misunderstandings.

Miss Prism

Miss Prism is Cecily’s governess, and her mysterious past is unveiled as the story progresses. Her connection to Jack’s upbringing adds intrigue, and her interactions with the characters reveal hidden secrets.

Ernest Worthing (Fictitious Brother)

Jack’s fictional brother, Ernest John, serves as a plot device to explain his dual life. The invention of this character complicates matters and adds an extra layer of deception.

Infant Jack

Referred to in the narrative, infant Jack is a pivotal character in Miss Prism’s past. His connection to Jack’s true identity forms a crucial element in the play’s revelations.

George Alexander

Although briefly mentioned, George Alexander likely contributes to the social context of the play, given Wilde’s penchant for embedding references to contemporaneous figures.

Key Themes

This comedy explores the themes of identity, societal hypocrisy, and marriage. Jack Worthing’s dual life as Ernest exemplifies the theme of identity deception. The societal veneer is portrayed through Lady Bracknell’s refusal of Jack’s proposal based on his lineage.

Algernon’s ploy to distract Lady Bracknell and her revealing dialogue contribute to the theme of societal facade. Jack’s dual role as a guardian and Cecily’s romantic fantasies highlight the theme of marriage.

Wilde’s satire uses these themes to humorously critique Victorian conventions and the absurdities of upper-class society, resonating with timeless relevance.

The Theme of Identity

In “The Importance of Being Earnest,” the theme of identity is intricately woven into the fabric of the play’s humor and commentary.

Characters like Jack and Algernon create fictitious alter egos to escape the constraints of societal expectations. Jack assumes the persona of “Ernest” in the city and Algernon pretends to be “Bunbury” to avoid social obligations.

This duality of identity reflects the characters’ desire to escape their roles and responsibilities. The comedic misunderstandings that arise from their dual lives emphasize the absurdity of such deceptions.

The Theme of Societal Hypocrisy

Societal hypocrisy is a central theme that Wilde satirizes mercilessly.

The play exposes the shallowness and pretensions of the upper classes. Lady Bracknell, for instance, embodies this hypocrisy as she prioritizes trivial matters such as lineage and wealth over genuine qualities in a potential suitor.

Her comedic lines reveal the absurdity of judging someone’s worth solely on societal standards. Wilde’s critique underscores the artificiality of these conventions and the hollowness they create within relationships and society.

The Theme of Marriage

Marriage is another key theme explored in the play. Wilde uses it as a vehicle to highlight the commodification of love and relationships within Victorian society.

Gwendolen and Cecily’s obsession with the name “Ernest” as a prerequisite for marriage reflects their fixation on appearances rather than genuine emotions.

The farcical situations arise from the characters’ misguided pursuits of marriage based on superficial criteria. By exaggerating these aspects, Wilde critiques the institution of marriage in a society where personal connections and love were often secondary to social status and financial security.

Overall, “The Importance of Being Earnest” masterfully intertwines these themes.

The characters’ dual identities, the absurdity of societal norms, and the comic exploration of marriage collectively contribute to Wilde’s scathing critique of Victorian society’s hypocrisy, shallowness, and misguided values.

The play’s enduring appeal lies in its ability to simultaneously entertain and provoke thought about the nature of identity, society, and relationships.

Genres in The Importance of Being Earnest

“The Importance of Being Earnest” masterfully blends elements of comedy, satire, and farce to create a unique comedic genre. The witty banter, mistaken identities, and absurd situations, like Algernon’s diversion at Victoria Station or Jack’s proposal, contribute to the farcical aspect.

Lady Bracknell’s refusal and revelations add satirical depth. The comedy of manners underpins the societal conventions depicted, enhancing the humor.

Wilde’s skillful amalgamation of these genres elevates the play’s entertainment value while also dissecting the veneers and norms of Victorian society through humor and irony.


The play is a comedic tour de force, employing humor in various forms, from witty wordplay and puns to physical comedy.

Wilde’s characters engage in rapid-fire repartee, delivering lines with impeccable timing that elicits laughter. The absurd situations arising from mistaken identities and characters’ dual lives contribute to the play’s humor.

The comedic elements not only entertain but also serve as a vehicle for conveying deeper societal messages.


Wilde’s satire is a central pillar of the play. He targets the superficiality and pretentiousness of Victorian society, particularly the upper class.

Characters like Lady Bracknell embody the hypocrisy of placing undue importance on social status and wealth. Through satire, Wilde exposes the absurdity of valuing trivial matters over genuine emotions and integrity.

The play’s exaggerated situations serve to underscore the shallowness of societal norms, inviting the audience to reflect on their own absurdities.


The play’s farcical nature arises from the characters’ mistaken identities, improbable coincidences, and over-the-top reactions.

The Bunburying escapades and the double life of “Ernest” provide ample comedic fodder. Farce amplifies the absurdity of the situations and heightens the humor.

It showcases the characters’ desperation to maintain their facades and the chaos that ensues when these facades collide. Yet, beneath the surface hilarity, the farce also exposes the emptiness of lives built on falsehoods.

Collectively, these themes work harmoniously to create a multi-layered experience for the audience. The comedy entertains while the satire provokes thought about societal norms, and the farce accentuates the characters’ struggles and the consequences of their actions.

“The Importance of Being Earnest” stands as a shining example of how humor can be a powerful tool for critiquing societal conventions and revealing the complexities of human nature.

Language used in The Importance of Being Earnest

Oscar Wilde’s “The Importance of Being Earnest” is characterized by a sharp, witty, and satirical writing style. Through Algernon’s playful questioning and Lady Bracknell’s inquiries about Jack’s background, the language serves as a tool for both amusement and unveiling hidden truths.

The clever banter, like Gwendolen asking Jack about his proposal and Algernon’s elder brother, adds depth to character interactions. As the characters navigate matters of love and marriage, the language underscores the theme of double lives.

Lady Bracknell’s firm reiterations and Gwendolen’s arrival at Jack’s country estate enhance the play’s atmosphere. Wilde employs language to both entertain and subtly critique Victorian norms, as characters discuss matters of the heart and societal conventions.

Literary devices in The Importance of Being Earnest

Wilde employs a rich array of literary devices that enrich the narrative’s complexity. Algernon’s older brother, though only mentioned, contributes to the theme of the double life that permeates the story.

Characters’ actions, like Gwendolen’s visit to Jack’s estate and her inquiries about marriage, drive the plot forward while reflecting their personalities. The motif of refusal is illustrated when Jack refuses Algernon’s plan, and later, Lady Bracknell reiterates societal norms.

Wilde’s adept use of humor and satire, epitomized when Gwendolen arrives, adds layers to the dialogue, highlighting the theme of societal expectations. These devices intertwine to create a comedy that both entertains and critiques Victorian society.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest”, similes play a limited role, yet they enhance the narrative by evoking vivid imagery. Lady Bracknell’s agreement to pay Jack’s ward to marry Algernon amplifies her pragmatic stance, likening love to a transaction.

Algernon’s confession, like a mask slipping off, exposes his true intentions. The name “Ernest,” repeated like a refrain, becomes a symbol of deception. In Act II, Algernon’s arrival at Jack’s manor is described as an unexpected twist, heightening intrigue.

Algernon’s charm over Cecily is depicted as casting spells. When Jack tells his story, similes bring life to the lost baby incident. These sporadic similes add depth and color to Wilde’s comedic tapestry.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, metaphors are subtly woven into the narrative, enriching its layers of meaning. Jack proposes to Gwendolen with a metaphor of a muffin, symbolizing his earnest intentions beneath the surface.

Algernon distracts Lady Bracknell using a metaphor of Bunbury, symbolizing his method to escape societal scrutiny. When Lady Bracknell interviews Jack, her probing questions become metaphors for her desire to unearth hidden truths.

The recurring motif of Lady Bracknell refuses and her refusal metaphorically mirrors society’s closed-mindedness. Finally, Lady Bracknell tells Jack to rise from his state parallels her directive for him to transcend his social limitations. These metaphors enrich the comedic narrative, allowing for a deeper exploration of social norms and individual aspirations.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, analogies provide clarity to complex concepts. As Jack explains the significance of his fictitious brother, the analogy of a “dead relative” illustrates his need for a convenient excuse.

The analogy of Lady Bracknell’s agreement to “pay Jack” for his ward’s marriage parallels a financial transaction, underscoring her practical mindset. Algernon’s confession is likened to unveiling “a skeleton in the family cupboard,” evoking hidden truths.

These analogies bridge the abstract with the familiar, allowing readers to navigate the play’s intricate social commentary with ease.


Vivid imagery paints a detailed canvas in “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde. Descriptions of Algernon’s arrival, like a “bad omen,” set a tone of impending mischief. When Jack examines the cigarette case, the imagery of his confusion reflects his growing unease.

The manor house embodies elegance and social class, enhancing the play’s atmosphere. Ernest’s explanation of his double life is enriched by imagery, revealing the complexities he faces.

Miss Prism’s explanation is depicted as “musical” and “artistic,” encapsulating her role. Wilde’s meticulous use of imagery immerses readers in the characters’ world, enhancing the sensory experience throughout the play.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, symbolism enriches themes and character dynamics. Jack’s brother, Ernest, is a symbol of the facade Jack creates to escape societal constraints. When Jack arrives in the city, it signifies his shift from rural life to deceptive urban adventures.

Jack Worthing’s ward, Cecily, symbolizes innocence and romantic fantasies. Lady Bracknell reveals Jack’s origins and that symbolizes the clash between societal norms and personal identity. Algernon, Jack Worthing’s friend, represents the interconnected web of deceptions.

These symbolic elements interweave with the narrative, emphasizing Wilde’s critique of social hypocrisy and the complexities of self-presentation.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, personification infuses the narrative with vitality. When Jack pretends to be his fictitious brother, Ernest, his actions embody his longing for a different identity.

Algernon’s Aunt Augusta is personified as “a mass of exploded Christianity,” revealing her unconventional character. The mention of Kurt Baker, a supposed victim of Bunburying, personifies the escapades associated with Bunburying.

Additionally, Algernon’s cousin, who “died suddenly” to serve as a pretext for Algernon’s actions, is personified through the narrative’s deception. These personifications add depth to the characters and the setting, shedding light on their quirks and enhancing the play’s comedic and satirical elements.


In the play hyperbole is skillfully employed to accentuate absurdity and humor. Lady Bracknell’s exaggerated response while she interrogates Jack reflects her overbearing demeanor, magnifying his predicament.

Gwendolen’s declaration of her love for “a man called Ernest” accentuates her obsession with a name and the societal norms associated with it. Similarly, the humorous proposal dialogue when Gwendolen asks Jack and Jack asks Algernon about their names playfully illustrates their entanglements.

These hyperbolic moments contribute to the comedic tone while highlighting the characters’ eccentricities and societal quirks.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, irony is deftly woven throughout, enriching the narrative. Lady Bracknell agrees to Gwendolen’s engagement which makes it a situational irony, contrasting her earlier skepticism.

Algernon confesses eating muffins instead of cucumber sandwiches which adds verbal irony. His unexpected arrival in London while pretending to be “Ernest” is dramatic irony, amusingly catching others off guard.

The tea party at Jack’s estate is an example of dramatic irony, as identities clash. The revelation of Algernon’s younger brother highlights comedic irony, defying expectations. These ironies contribute to the play’s humor and exploration of societal norms. This is one of the reasons why people call this play a trivial comedy for serious people.


In the play, juxtaposition creates compelling contrasts that drive the narrative. Cecily’s guardian, Miss Prism, embodies educational responsibility, yet her involvement with the late Thomas Cardew and the baby incident creates an ironic twist.

The invention of a fake brother by Jack and Algernon, juxtaposed with their real identities, evokes humor and intrigue. As Miss Prism explains her past to Cecily, the juxtaposition of her role as guardian with her concealed secret deepens the play’s layers, adding both comedy and thought-provoking scenarios.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, paradoxes punctuate the narrative, adding depth to the story. Algernon’s arrival in London under the pretext of his invalid friend Bunbury is paradoxical, blending deception with apparent sincerity.

As Ernest explains his dual life, the paradox of truth hidden within falsehood emerges. Cecily’s portrayal of Algernon’s “wicked” yet charming character captures a paradoxical duality.

Wilde uses these paradoxes to explore the interplay between honesty and pretense, ultimately underscoring the comedic and satirical commentary on Victorian society.


In the play, allusions add layers of meaning to the narrative. The phrase “named Ernest” holds an allusion to the significance of having a reputable name, echoing Victorian ideals. Marrying Jack serves as an allusion to the social aspirations of the characters, reflecting societal norms.

Algernon’s declaration to visit Jack in the country is reminiscent of escaping to the simpler life, alluding to pastoral literary traditions. These allusions deepen the play’s exploration of societal values and individual desires.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, while not overtly allegorical, the characters and situations often symbolize broader themes. Lady Bracknell, with her societal rigidity and high standards, represents the rigid norms of Victorian society.

The very title, “The Importance of Being Earnest”, holds a satirical undertone, allegorically pointing to the superficiality and insincerity that can exist behind appearances.

Characters like Ernest Worthing and Gwendolen Fairfax, tied to their names, allegorically emphasize the significance of reputation and the facade one presents. Though not a full allegory, these elements reflect societal critique through character portrayals.


In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, ekphrasis is not prevalent, but it briefly emerges when Jack and Algernon arrive at Jack’s country estate. Algernon’s description of the portrait that charms Cecily conveys her imagined alter ego’s allure and beauty.

The vivid portrayal of this fictitious persona through the portrait adds depth to the characters and illustrates the whimsical fantasies that shape the plot. While limited, this instance of ekphrasis contributes to the play’s humorous and imaginative elements.


Onomatopoeic words are sparingly used, but they enhance the auditory dimensions. The opening stage direction at Victoria Station employs onomatopoeia, echoing the bustling sounds of a railway station.

The cigarette case, a significant prop, creates a tactile and auditory experience through its name. Wilde’s light use of onomatopoeia enriches the scene-setting and prop interactions in the play.


Puns are a hallmark of “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, contributing to its humor and double entendre. Jack Worthing’s declaration of being “Ernest in town and Jack in the country” is a pun on the word “earnest,” cleverly intertwining his identity.

Jack proposes to Gwendolen, emphasizing his desire to be earnest, creating a pun between name and virtue. Algernon’s jest about London highlights both the city and the activity of “landing.” These puns infuse the dialogue with wit, wordplay, and deeper meanings.


In the play, repetition serves both comedic and thematic purposes. The repeated scenarios of Jack and Algernon using fictional names to deceive exemplify the absurdity of their double lives. The term “young” brother is playfully repeated, underscoring Algernon’s pretense.

The repetition of “Bunbury” highlights the recurring escapades. The mention of Miss Prism and the cigarette case echoes throughout the narrative. These repetitions emphasize societal norms, deceptions, and characters’ quirks, making them integral to both the humor and the thematic exploration.

The Use of Dialogue

In the play dialogue serves as a vibrant tool to convey character traits and themes. Lady Bracknell’s pompous and critical tone exemplifies her societal stature and values.

Ernest Worthing’s dual life becomes apparent through contrasting dialogues with different characters, highlighting his complexities. Jack Worthing employs witty banter to navigate social expectations. Dialogue at Victoria Station sets the scene and introduces character dynamics.

Miss Prism’s dialogue conveys her pedantic nature. Algernon’s antics, such as distracting Lady Bracknell, are portrayed through lively dialogues. These exchanges enrich characterizations, reveal themes, and create narrative tension.

Word Play

Wordplay is a cornerstone of “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde. Puns, such as Jack’s brother “Ernest,” cleverly intertwine names with virtues. Jack arrives in the city with comical implications. Algernon’s witty lines about Jack’s brother highlight the name’s duality.

Lady Bracknell’s queries about trivial issues, like Victoria Station, satirize social norms. Miss Prism’s mentioning of Jack’s brother underscores the theme of mistaken identities. Wordplay, including puns and names, serves as a comedic tool while also deepening thematic exploration.


Parallelism is subtly interwoven into “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde. The motif of deception through naming is parallel in both Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff’s cases.

The repeated concept of a lost brother creates parallels between the characters’ pasts. Jack’s arrival in the city parallels his transformation from country life. The repeated notion of Lady Bracknell interviewing characters establishes a structural parallel, underlining social scrutiny.

Parallelism enhances the play’s narrative coherence while subtly highlighting its themes and character dynamics.

Rhetorical Devices

Rhetorical devices strategically punctuate “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde for both comedic and persuasive effects. Rhetorical questions in Lady Bracknell’s dialogues underscore her authoritative demeanor.

Algernon’s humorous monologue about Jack’s brother employs rhetorical techniques to evoke laughter. Parallelism when Algernon distracts Lady Bracknell with fictitious troubles employs persuasion through humor.

Wilde uses these devices to captivate the audience, highlight societal absurdities, and create a dynamic narrative.

The Importance of Being Earnest: FAQs

This work is studied by students around the world. As always, the story poses many questions, some of which we address below.

What is the main message of The Importance of Being Earnest?

“The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde satirizes Victorian society’s emphasis on superficiality and social conventions. The main message is that appearances often deceive, and societal norms can be ridiculous.

Is The Importance of Being Earnest worth reading?

Yes, “The Importance of Being Earnest” is definitely worth reading. It’s a comedic masterpiece that offers sharp wit, clever dialogue, and insightful commentary on societal norms, making it a timeless and enjoyable read.

Is The Importance of Being Earnest funny?

Absolutely, “The Importance of Being Earnest” is known for its humor. Wilde employs witty wordplay, absurd situations, and satirical humor to create a farcical comedy that continues to entertain readers and audiences.

What is The Importance of Being Earnest known for?

The play is known for its satire of social pretensions and the absurdities of upper-class life in the Victorian era. It mocks trivial concerns, false identities, and the triviality of romance.

What is the irony in The Importance of Being Earnest?

The irony in “The Importance of Being Earnest” is dramatic irony, where the audience is aware of the characters’ mistaken identities and deceptions while the characters themselves remain clueless, leading to humorous misunderstandings.

What does The Importance of Being Earnest tell us about our society?

The play highlights the shallowness and hypocrisy of Victorian society, where appearances, status, and trivial matters were given more importance than genuine emotions and integrity.

What is the problem in The Importance of Being Earnest?

The central problem in the play is the characters’ dual lives and false identities. Algernon and Jack create fictional personas, leading to misunderstandings and comedic situations that need resolution.

What is the thesis of The Importance of Being Earnest?

The thesis of “The Importance of Being Earnest” revolves around the farcical nature of social conventions and the artificiality of the upper classes. Wilde uses humor to criticize the shallow values and pretensions of society.

Does The Importance of Being Earnest have a moral?

While not overtly didactic, the play’s moral could be to prioritize honesty over pretense. The characters learn the consequences of their deceptions, suggesting that authenticity and straightforwardness are better than living a fabricated life.

Summing up: The Importance of Being Earnest: Summary, Plot & More

In “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde, the intricate tapestry of wit, wordplay, and societal critique comes to life. The play’s humor unfolds through characters like Algernon and Jack, who navigate double lives and mistaken identities, their interactions laden with puns and paradoxes.

Lady Bracknell’s presence embodies societal norms, juxtaposed against the protagonists’ desires for individuality. Through onomatopoeia and vivid imagery, the settings acquire sensory depth, enhancing the narrative’s comedic and thematic dimensions.

Dialogue is wielded with mastery, conveying character traits and themes, while rhetorical devices add persuasive flair. As the play’s layers of irony, allegory, and parallelism intertwine, the stage is set for a whimsical exploration of the “importance of being earnest,” shining a light on Victorian conventions and human foibles.

Other Notable Works by Oscar Wilde

If you are interested in this play, you may be interested in other works by Oscar Wilde including:

  • The Picture of Dorian Gray” unveils the dark consequences of vanity and eternal youth.
  • An Ideal Husband,” Wilde delves into the complexities of moral integrity and political corruption.
  • The Ballad of Reading Gaol” poignantly reflects on the harsh realities of imprisonment and society’s judgments.
  • Salom√©” reimagines the biblical tale with sensuality and symbolism.
  • Lady Windermere’s Fan” explores the nuances of social propriety and personal secrets.
  • A Woman of No Importance” delves into societal hypocrisy and the role of women.
  • De Profundis” presents Wilde’s introspective letter during his imprisonment.
  • The Canterville Ghost” offers a whimsical blend of humor and the supernatural.
  • The Happy Prince and Other Tales” showcases Wilde’s enchanting storytelling for children.
  • The Soul of Man under Socialism” presents Wilde’s views on individualism and societal reform.

This comedy explores the themes of identity, societal hypocrisy, and marriage.