The Little Prince

AUTHOR: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry


The Little Prince: Summary, Plot, Characters, Literary Analysis & More

“The Little Prince,” penned by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, is a beloved novella that took flight in 1943.

This enchanting tale, often referred to as “Le Petit Prince,” soared into literary history as a captivating exploration of human nature and wisdom hidden within innocence.

Set against the backdrop of World War II, the story unfurls on a minuscule planet, where a curious and perceptive young boy, the Little Prince, takes center stage.

As our wide-eyed protagonist journeys through a universe of tiny planets and encounters a spectrum of eccentric characters – from the conceited man to the vain man – the narrative orchestrates a delicate dance between reality and imagination.

Amidst rose gardens and golden-haired foxes, the Little Prince’s interactions prompt profound reflections on life’s essentials, encapsulated in the famous line: “What is essential is invisible to the eye.”

The author, Saint-Exupéry, himself a pilot with aviation experiences, lends a poetic and introspective writing style to the tale, grounding it in universal themes.

The Little Prince’s encounters serve as allegorical windows into human relationships and societal dynamics, addressing grown-ups’ disconnect from their inner child and the poignant nature of connection.

Through poignant prose and imaginative storytelling, “The Little Prince” beckons readers to rekindle their sense of wonder and cherish the seemingly simple yet remarkably profound truths.

In this “The Little Prince” summary we will explore the book’s plot, endearing characters, and underlying themes that continue to make it a gem among best-selling books.

The Little Prince Summary

Set against the backdrop of World War II, it unfolds on a tiny planet where a curious young boy, the titular Little Prince, embarks on an odyssey.

As he travels from planet to planet, encountering quirky characters like the conceited and vain men, the story offers a poetic exploration of human nature and relationships. The Little Prince’s interactions, particularly with a wise fox, illuminate essential truths that often elude adults.

The novella’s prose is imbued with Saint-Exupéry’s aviation experiences, lending it a reflective quality. Themes of innocence, the allure of the invisible, and the lost connections of grown-ups permeate the narrative, inviting readers to rekindle their childlike wonder.

At its core, “The Little Prince” is a fable urging us to embrace what truly matters, as beautifully depicted through the Little Prince’s deep bond with a rose and his understanding that “one can only see rightly with the heart.”

This review delves into the book’s heartwarming plot, memorable characters, and poignant themes that continue to resonate with audiences worldwide.

Set against the backdrop of World War II, the story unfurls on a minuscule planet, where a curious and perceptive young boy, the Little Prince, takes center stage.

The Plot

“The Little Prince” narrates the journey of a young prince who embarks on an interplanetary exploration.

Visiting various small planets, he encounters eccentric characters and experiences profound moments.

His encounter with a unique rose on his own planet sparks his journey, leading him to the Sahara Desert where he meets the narrator, a stranded pilot.

Through their conversations, the prince reveals his backstory and the story of his travels. He recounts his visit to planets, meeting diverse inhabitants, including a conceited man, a king, and a vain man.

Along the way, he learns essential life lessons and grasps the significance of his relationship with his beloved rose.

The prince’s distinct experiences highlight themes of human nature, connection, and the pursuit of what truly matters.

As he explores both outer and inner worlds, the little prince’s interactions and musings offer readers a profound insight into the complexities of existence, while ultimately returning him to his own planet, bringing his poignant journey full circle.


The characters in Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s “The Little Prince” play a pivotal role in unraveling the profound themes and allegorical narrative of the story.

Each character encountered by the titular Little Prince during his interplanetary journey embodies distinct facets of human nature, society, and relationships.

From the innocent curiosity of the Little Prince himself to the peculiarities of the inhabitants he meets on various celestial bodies, these characters serve as mirrors reflecting both the whimsical charm and the underlying complexities of the human experience.

As we delve into the enchanting world of “The Little Prince,” the diverse cast of characters invites us to explore profound insights about life, love, friendship, and the mysteries of existence.

The Little Prince

The titular character of the novella, the Little Prince is a young and curious boy who embarks on a journey across various tiny planets. He is characterized by his innocence, curiosity, and insightful observations about life and human behavior.

His encounters with different characters on his travels serve as allegorical reflections on various aspects of human nature and relationships.

The Rose

The prince’s rose is a symbol of his love and attachment.

It represents beauty and fragility, and it’s the catalyst for his interplanetary journey. The prince’s care for the rose is a central theme, symbolizing the complexity of emotions and relationships.

The Narrator/Pilot

The unnamed narrator, a stranded pilot in the Sahara Desert, forms a bond with the Little Prince.

Through their interactions, the narrator learns about the prince’s adventures and gains insights into life’s deeper meanings.

Eccentric Characters

Throughout the prince’s journey, he encounters a variety of intriguing characters, each embodying different traits. These include the conceited man, the vain man, and others.

These encounters provide opportunities for the prince to explore different facets of human behavior and society.

The Fox

The golden-haired fox is a wise and enigmatic character who imparts valuable lessons to the Little Prince about the nature of relationships and connection. The fox’s teachings emphasize the importance of emotional bonds and the heart’s capacity for understanding.

Other Characters

The story introduces various other individuals during the prince’s travels, such as the king, the snake, and more. Each character contributes to the exploration of themes related to power, authority, mortality, and existentialism.

Key Themes

“The Little Prince” delves into profound themes that resonate across generations.

One central theme is the exploration of human nature and relationships as the prince visits various planets and interacts with diverse characters.

The story emphasizes the significance of looking beyond the surface, exemplified by the prince’s interactions with characters like the golden-haired fox, who teaches him to see rightly with the heart, not just the eyes.

The theme of innocence and wisdom hidden within it is portrayed when the prince finds value in the seemingly ordinary and learns from experiences such as when he fell into the Sahara Desert.

Furthermore, the novella scrutinizes the loss of childhood wonder as prince’s body grows, highlighting the disconnect that arises when grown-ups prioritize practicality over imagination.

The prince’s conversations, like when he talks with the narrator about his travels, highlight the themes of existentialism, the essential being invisible to the eye, and the challenge of communication.

These themes intertwine to form a narrative that transcends age and culture, inviting readers to reflect on life’s essential truths.

Genres in The Little Prince

“The Little Prince” defies strict genre categorization, seamlessly blending elements of allegory, fable, and philosophical fiction. This amalgamation contributes to the story’s timeless and universal appeal.

Its allegorical nature allows readers to delve into profound themes while remaining accessible to a wide audience.

The fable-like structure, with the prince’s visits to various planets and encounters with distinct characters, imparts moral lessons and philosophical reflections.

The philosophical fiction aspect encourages contemplation of human nature and relationships, inviting readers to explore complex ideas through the lens of a little boy’s adventures.

The interplay of these genres enriches the narrative, making “The Little Prince” a literary masterpiece that continues to captivate readers of all ages and backgrounds.

Language used in The Little Prince

In “The Little Prince,” Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s language paints an enchanting atmosphere, seamlessly merging golden hair and fantastical elements.

Through the prince’s recounts of his interplanetary encounters, the narrative sparkles with whimsy and philosophical depth.

The author’s words illuminate the conversations between characters, capturing the essence of the prince’s talking as he imparts wisdom and asks profound questions.

Saint-Exupéry’s writing evokes emotions and curiosity as he tells the story of the prince’s journey through vivid descriptions.

Literary devices in The Little Prince

Literary devices like symbolism are woven into the fabric of the tale, reflecting deeper themes. The prince’s arrival on various planets mirrors stages of personal growth, while the rose garden becomes a metaphor for relationships.

Metaphors, such as the snake bite, hint at life’s complexities and the loss of innocence. This cherished children’s book embraces allegory and invites readers of all ages to ponder life’s meaning.

Through its eloquent prose, “The Little Prince” transcends time, inviting readers to explore the universe of emotions, human connections, and the notion of what’s truly essential.


In “The Little Prince,” Antoine de Saint-Exupery masterfully employs similes to create vivid and relatable imagery.

For instance, when the prince fell to Earth, he describes his initial loneliness as feeling “as lost as a desert” – a comparison that conveys both his vulnerability and the vastness of his new surroundings.

The prince talking to the narrator about the sunset being like drinking water speaks to his unique perspective on life’s simple pleasures.

These similes enrich the narrative, resonating with readers’ emotions and enhancing their immersion in the story’s imaginative world.


Saint-Exupéry’s metaphors in “The Little Prince” are both enchanting and profound. The prince’s recounting of sunsets he’s never seen is a metaphor for appreciating life’s beauty despite physical absence.

The narrator’s drawing of a boa constrictor with an elephant inside, which adults interpret as a hat, metaphorically illustrates how grown-ups often fail to understand the extraordinary.

The book itself becomes a metaphor for seeing beyond the surface, mirroring how Antoine de Saint-Exupéry uses the story to reveal deeper truths.

These metaphors layer the narrative, inviting readers to contemplate multiple dimensions and encouraging them to embrace a childlike perspective that values imagination and connection.


In “The Little Prince,” analogies act as illuminating mirrors reflecting intricate ideas. When the prince tells the narrator about the vain man’s desire for admiration, it’s analogous to society’s hunger for recognition.

The story’s core analogy lies in the prince’s relationship with his cherished rose.

His efforts to protect it, despite its flaws, mirror the complexities of human connections.

Analogies like these render profound concepts tangible, allowing readers to grasp intricate notions by linking them to relatable scenarios.


Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s literary brush paints vivid imagery across “The Little Prince.” As the prince meets diverse inhabitants across planets, readers visualize the eccentric characters he encounters.

The little boy’s interactions with the rose garden evoke a symphony of colors and fragrances, immersing readers in his emotional landscape. Through Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s words, the Sahara Desert’s vastness and the rose’s delicacy become palpable.

This sensory-rich imagery enlivens the story, bridging the gap between the fantastical and the familiar, and allowing readers to savor every nuance of the prince’s remarkable journey.


In “The Little Prince,” symbolic elements resonate with overarching themes. When the prince landed on planets, each symbolized different facets of human nature, reflecting societal traits. The little boy and his journey unfolds as an allegory for personal growth and exploration.

The prince ignores the grown-ups’ perspectives, embodying the loss of imagination in adulthood. The rose, a delicate yet resilient presence, symbolizes love’s intricacies. These symbols intertwine, fostering profound reflections on innocence, connection, and the human condition.

Through these rich layers, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry crafts a narrative that transcends its apparent simplicity, inviting readers to decipher its deeper meanings.


Personification breathes life into characters and settings, fostering a deeper connection.

As the prince travels from planet to planet, the seemingly inanimate planets take on human-like qualities, embodying unique traits and societal themes.

The fox’s teachings about seeing rightly what is essential personify wisdom, imbuing an abstract concept with relatable qualities. The yellow snake, representative of death, is personified as a sly creature, creating an eerie yet evocative image.

Personification extends to the titular character, the small and mysterious prince, who mirrors the pure curiosity of a child while carrying profound insights.

These instances lend emotional resonance and relatability, enriching the reader’s engagement with the characters and the enchanting worlds they inhabit.


Antoine de Saint-Exupéry employs deliberate exaggeration or hyperbole in “The Little Prince” to illuminate underlying truths.

The small planets the small boy prince visits are exaggerated reflections of specific human traits or societal caricatures.

The hyperbolic nature of the grown-up characters emphasizes their detachment from imagination and wonder. The recurring plane crashes exemplify the pilot’s solitary life and underscore the prince’s uniqueness.

The prince’s care for his own rose is hyperbolic, representing intense emotions.

The geographer’s suggestion to study Earth from afar is exaggerated, highlighting the absurdity of reducing complex experiences to data.

The narrator obliges hyperbolically, mirroring society’s tendency to conform.

These exaggerations create an alternate reality, enabling readers to ponder deeper meanings and reflect on their own worldviews, while maintaining a fantastical charm.


In “The Little Prince,” Antoine de Saint-Exupéry employs various types of irony, enriching the narrative and inviting readers to delve deeper. As the prince recounts his interactions with different characters, situational irony emerges – characters’ actions often yield unexpected outcomes.

The prince’s questions to the inhabitants of various planets highlight verbal irony, revealing their absurdities.

The most poignant irony surfaces with the snake bites, where death brings not fear but an ethereal return to the stars. The title’s reference to “The Little Prince” as a story for children adds dramatic irony, as its profound themes transcend age.

The tale’s exploration of human nature on a small planet (and other planets) within the vast universe of Terre des Hommes embodies cosmic irony, where the microcosm reflects the macrocosm, emphasizing humanity’s complexities.


Juxtaposition serves as a powerful tool to underscore contrasts and provoke contemplation. When the prince asks about the existence of three volcanoes on a tiny planet, the incongruity of such grandeur against its smallness sparks reflection on appearances versus reality.

The radio plays on the narrator’s stranded plane juxtapose the modern with the fantastical, grounding the extraordinary in the mundane.

Juxtaposition is further evident in the exploration of seeing rightly – a concept central to the story.

The prince’s visits to various planets and his yearning for his home planet juxtapose the surreal with the familiar, eliciting questions about belonging and identity.

The narrator met the prince amidst the barren desert, highlighting the convergence of isolation and companionship.

Such juxtapositions in “The Little Prince” encourage readers to ponder the complexities of existence and the interplay of contrasts.


In “The Little Prince,” paradoxes surface, inviting readers to explore deeper truths through apparent contradictions.

The presence of tiny volcanoes on an equally tiny planet illustrates the paradox of grandiosity within limitation.

The very end of the story brings a sense of both closure and continuation, encapsulating the paradox of finality and eternal themes.

The prince’s request for a sheep to be drawn reveals a paradoxical desire to escape reality while facing it directly. His creation of a new drawing on the eighth day signifies both repetition and transformation.

The prince’s label of the narrator as a friend despite their brief encounter echoes the paradox of profound connections formed swiftly.

Through these paradoxes, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry captures the complexities of life, fostering contemplation on the dualities that shape human existence and relationships.


In “The Little Prince,” allusions enhance the narrative with layers of meaning. The phrase “one can see rightly” alludes to a profound insight into human relationships, echoing the author’s philosophical worldview.

The narrative’s structure, following the prince’s encounters on different planets over eight days, subtly alludes to the biblical creation story, symbolizing a transformative journey.

The prince’s request to have a sheep drawn references the theme of imagination and the ability to perceive the world beyond its surface.

This allusion prompts readers to reflect on the power of artistic expression and the role of imagination in understanding the complex truths the story conveys.


“The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry is rich with allegorical elements that resonate with broader themes. The B-612 asteroid, the prince’s home planet, symbolizes childhood innocence and purity.

As the prince journeys to various planets, each inhabited by unique characters, the allegory becomes clear – these encounters represent different facets of human nature, behaviors, and societal norms.

The allegorical narrative allows readers to explore themes like connection, loss of innocence, and the complexities of adult life through a fantastical lens.

This multi-layered approach engages readers of all ages, inviting them to contemplate the profound meanings and life lessons concealed within the whimsical story.


In “The Little Prince,” ekphrasis offers vivid descriptions of imaginary artworks, deepening the narrative’s enchantment. When the narrator asks the little prince to describe a sheep he’d like, the prince’s vivid imagination unfolds through his verbal artwork.

His creation becomes a symbol of the little prince’s connection with his asteroid and his desire for companionship, woven intricately into the tale’s fabric.

Although not a tangible painting, the mental imagery of the drawn sheep showcases the prince’s childlike creativity, enhancing his portrayal as an imaginative and whimsical character.

These moments of ekphrasis invite readers to envision the world through the eyes of the prince, enriching their engagement with the narrative’s magical elements.


In “The Little Prince,” onomatopoeic words contribute auditory dimensions that amplify the narrative’s sensory appeal. The rattling of the narrator’s plane crashes underscores the intensity of the events, immersing readers in the unfolding drama.

The resonance of the draw a sheep request emphasizes the importance of communication and connection between characters. These onomatopoeic elements not only bring scenes to life but also highlight emotional nuances.

The story’s use of onomatopoeia bridges the gap between the textual and the auditory, enabling readers to hear the characters’ voices, the crashing plane, and the whispered conversations.

This auditory layer enhances the readers’ engagement, enveloping them in the vibrant world of the little prince and his cosmic journey.


While “The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry isn’t heavily reliant on puns, a few instances add subtle humor and double meanings to the narrative.

One such example is the prince’s encounter with the king, who claims to rule everything he sees, even the stars, comically highlighting the king’s limited perspective.

The term “grown-up” is often used with a touch of irony, underlining the adults’ limitations in comparison to the childlike wonder of the little prince.

While not a pun in the traditional sense, the narrator’s confusion over the snake’s bite as a hat accessory presents a humorous misunderstanding, hinting at how grown-ups often misinterpret the world.

These instances infuse the story with light-hearted moments and add depth to the characters and themes.


“The Little Prince” employs repetition purposefully, deepening its themes and emotional resonance.

The phrase “what is essential is invisible to the eye” is reiterated, emphasizing its significance in understanding human connections and values.

The writing style, marked by repetition, mirrors the rhythmic flow of a fable, inviting readers to immerse themselves in its enchanting narrative.

The drawn sheep request on the eighth day is repeated, highlighting the prince’s persistence and the narrator’s struggle to meet his expectations. Repetition of the word boy captures the essence of the prince’s childlike curiosity and innocence.

Repetition of the concept of earth underscores its significance as a shared home.

The fox’s teaching, “On ne voit bien qu’avec le cœur” (One can see rightly only with the heart), echoes throughout the story, emphasizing its timeless wisdom.

These repetitions weave thematic threads, enhancing readers’ emotional engagement with the story’s universal lessons and its beautifully crafted world.

The Use of Dialogue

In “The Little Prince,” Antoine de Saint-Exupéry masterfully employs dialogue to unveil character traits, explore themes, and heighten narrative tension.

Through conversations between the little prince and various characters, readers discover the prince’s insatiable curiosity and his deep inquiries into human nature.

The fox’s poetic discourse about taming and relationships resonates as an allegory for connections and love. Dialogue also emphasizes the prince’s unique qualities, like his golden hair, and his interactions with other characters reflect their idiosyncrasies and worldviews.

Whether through the rose’s confessions or the desert’s reflections, dialogue becomes a vehicle for introspection, showcasing the prince’s journey of self-discovery and forging an emotional connection between readers and the beautifully crafted story.

Word Play

In “Le Petit Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, various wordplay techniques infuse the narrative with depth and whimsy. While not overly reliant on puns, the term “le petit prince” itself evokes a sense of familiarity and endearment.

The narrator’s encounters with different characters, each inhabiting a distinct planet, lend themselves to clever wordplay, subtly reflecting societal traits and philosophies.

Additionally, the interactions between the little boy prince and these inhabitants often contain elements of double entendre, inviting readers to consider dual meanings that shed light on complex themes.

These subtle linguistic nuances contribute to the story’s multi-layered nature, engaging readers with its thought-provoking wordplay and reinforcing its timeless appeal.


In “The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, parallelism enhances the narrative’s structure and underlying themes.

The repetition of encounters with the snake on different planets, each leading to the same consequence, creates a pattern that emphasizes the inevitability of certain events and choices.

The recurring motif of the rose, present on multiple planets, symbolizes various forms of love, unveiling the multifaceted nature of human relationships.

The narrator’s reflections on his interactions with the little prince and the inhabitants of various planets parallel his personal growth and understanding. The story’s desert settings echo solitude, encouraging contemplation on life’s complexities.

Parallelism subtly weaves the story’s interconnectedness, illuminating the cyclical nature of existence and fostering introspection on its themes.

Rhetorical Devices

In “The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, rhetorical devices serve to captivate and persuade readers, enriching the narrative’s impact.

Rhetorical questions, such as the prince’s query about why the rose’s thorns exist, prompt reflection on the complexities of love and relationships.

The parallelism of encounters with diverse characters on different planets accentuates the story’s themes, inviting readers to draw parallels between these microcosms and broader human behaviors.

These devices foster engagement by challenging readers to ponder deeper meanings. Saint-Exupéry’s employment of these rhetorical devices adds layers of nuance and intrigue, urging readers to reflect on their own lives, emotions, and connections.

The power of these techniques lies in their ability to transform a simple narrative into a profound exploration of the human experience.

The Little Prince: FAQs

Welcome to the FAQs section, designed to address your queries about “The Little Prince.”

Whether you’re unraveling symbolism or seeking insights into the author’s intentions, find your answers as we explore the enchanting world of the book.

What is The Little Prince book about?

“The Little Prince” is a novella by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry that follows the journey of a young prince as he travels from planet to planet, meeting various inhabitants and learning valuable life lessons along the way.

What is the main message of The Little Prince?

The main message of “The Little Prince” revolves around the importance of human connections, imagination, and seeing the world through the eyes of a child. It emphasizes the significance of looking beyond the surface and understanding the deeper meanings of life.

Why is The Little Prince book so popular?

The popularity of “The Little Prince” can be attributed to its timeless themes, universal messages, and charming storytelling. The book’s allegorical nature appeals to both children and adults, making it a cross-generational classic.

Can a 7 year old read The Little Prince?

While “The Little Prince” is often enjoyed by readers of various ages, its intricate themes and allegorical elements may be better understood by slightly older readers, around 10 years old and above. Some concepts might be challenging for a 7-year-old to fully grasp, but parents or educators could help facilitate discussions to enhance their understanding.

Summing up: The Little Prince: Summary, Plot & More

“The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry stands as an enduring masterpiece that bridges generations, captivating with its elegant simplicity.

Throughout “The Little Prince”, the narrative transcends age and time, touching hearts with its profound insights.

The story’s evocative portrayal of the titular character’s interstellar odyssey reveals deeper truths about humanity’s essence, love, and connection.

With its rich tapestry of allegory, symbolism, and thematic exploration, “The Little Prince” resonates on multiple levels.

Its masterful use of dialogue, rhetorical devices, and wordplay infuses the tale with whimsy and wisdom, inviting readers to journey alongside the prince.

The repetitive encounters, parallelism, and vivid imagery compose a symphony that harmonizes with both youth and maturity, sparking introspection and self-discovery.

“The Little Prince” leaves an indelible imprint, inviting readers to perceive the intangible, to cherish life’s hidden treasures, and to embrace the essential matters that truly define existence.

In its timelessness, the story continues to kindle imagination and touch hearts, reminding us that the most profound lessons often come from the simplest of stories.

Other Notable Works by Antoine de Saint Exupéry

If you are interested in “The Little Prince,” you may find these other works by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry intriguing:

  • Night Flight (Vol de Nuit): This novel draws from Saint-Exupéry’s own experiences as an aviator, exploring themes of duty, camaraderie, and the challenges of nighttime flying. The narrative revolves around the world of pioneering aviators striving to deliver mail across vast distances in perilous conditions.
  • Wind, Sand and Stars (Terre des Hommes): An autobiographical work, this book recounts Saint-Exupéry’s adventures as a pioneering aviator. It captures his awe for the vast landscapes and the camaraderie of fellow aviators, exploring themes of courage, mortality, and the intrinsic bond between humans and nature.
    Flight to Arras (Pilote de guerre): This semi-autobiographical work reflects on the harrowing experiences of a pilot during World War II. It delves into the complexities of war, mortality, and the human spirit’s resilience amidst chaos and conflict.
  • Citadelle: A philosophical work posthumously published, “Citadelle” contains Saint-Exupéry’s reflections on life, existence, and the human condition. It is a compilation of his musings and philosophical insights, offering a glimpse into his contemplative mind.

Each of these works showcases Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s distinctive style, blending his experiences as a pilot with profound insights into the human experience, much like the beloved “The Little Prince.”

With its rich tapestry of allegory, symbolism, and thematic exploration, "The Little Prince" resonates on multiple levels.